The definitions here below are statements that explains the meaning of terms used within Leonia project. Each definiendum is in deap described in the Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament And Of The Council (pdf).

  • "waste": means any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard;
  • "hazardous waste": means waste which displays one or more of the hazardous properties listed in Annex III;
  • "bio-waste": means biodegradable garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises and comparable waste from food processing plants;
  • "waste management": means the collection, transport, recovery and disposal of waste, including the supervision of such operations and the after-care of disposal sites, and including actions taken as a dealer or broker;
  • "disposal": means any operation which is not recovery even where the operation has as a secondary consequence the reclamation of substances or energy. Annex I sets out a non-exhaustive list of disposal operations;
  • "prevention": means measures taken before a substance, material or product has become waste, that reduce:
    (a) the quantity of waste, including through the re-use of products or the extension of the life span of products;
    (b) the adverse impacts of the generated waste on the environment and human health; or
    (c) the content of harmful substances in materials and products;
  • "collection": means the gathering of waste, including the preliminary sorting and preliminary storage of waste for the purposes of transport to a waste treatment facility;
  • "separate collection":means the collection where a waste stream is kept separately by type and nature so as to facilitate a specific treatment;
  • "re-use": means any operation by which products or components that are not waste are used again for the same purpose for which they were conceived;
  • "preparing for re-use": means checking, cleaning or repairing recovery operations, by which products or components of products that have become waste are prepared so that they can be re-used without any other pre-processing;
  • "recovery": means any operation the principal result of whichis waste serving a useful purpose by replacing other materials which would otherwise have been used to fulfil a particular function, or waste being prepared to fulfil that function, in the plant or in the wider economy. Annex II sets out a non-exhaustive list of recovery operations;
  • "recycling": means any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It includes the reprocessing of organic material but does not include energy recovery and the reprocessing into materials that are to be used as fuels or for backfilling operations;
  • "waste producer": means anyone whose activities produce waste (original waste producer) or anyone who carries out pre-processing, mixing or other operations resulting in a change in the nature or composition of this waste;
  • "waste holder": means the waste producer or the natural or legal person who is in possession of the waste;
  • "By-products": a substance or object, resulting from a production process, the primary aim of which is not the production of that item, may be regarded as not being waste referred to in point of Article 3 but as being a by-product only if the following conditions are met:
    (a) further use of the substance or object is certain;
    (b) the substance or object can be used directly without any further processing other than normal industrial practice;
    (c) the substance or object is produced as an integral part of a production process; and
    (d) further use is lawful, i.e. the substance or object fulfils all relevant product, environmental and health protection requirements for the specific use and will not lead to overall adverse environmental or human health impacts.

Waste hierarchy

The following waste hierarchy shall apply as a priority order in waste prevention and management legislation and policy:

(a) prevention;
(b) preparing for re-use;
(c) recycling;
(d) other recovery, e.g. energy recovery; and
(e) disposal.